Carotid Cavernous Fistula (Grand Rounds)
“Red and puffy Right Eye”
History of Present Illness
Infections e.g., orbital cellulitis, mucormycosis and tuberculosis etc. Inflammations e.g., sarcoidosis, orbital pseudotumor and Tolosa-Hunt syndrome etc. Orbital vasculitis e.g., polyarteritis nodosa and Wegener's granulomatosis etc.
CCFs classified based on anatomical, etiological and hemodynamic factors.
Anatomically CCF divided into fast/ high-flow or slow/low-flow dynamics
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